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April 24, 2013


By Reed Camacho Kinney

Community is a structured organization agreed on by its members.  The purpose of community is to meet all of the genuine, existential needs of its members.

1. Civil Organization

Civil organization begins with three to five mutualistic families. Mutualism means that they are organized for the purpose of helping each other to live in conditions of human health, mental health; human well being.

Their well being is contingent on their being able to access level one for themselves; adequate economic stability, which includes meeting all of their subsistence needs.

In order to reach that aim, the civil processes they use are dialogical (dialogue).

What is dialogue?

Dialogue is realized among small groups of adults, perhaps twelve or fewer. Its purpose is to empower the members with semi-self-sufficiency through their independent, pragmatic, concerted action.  Dialogue is organization without centralized power.

A. Members dialogue in order to reach an agreed understanding regarding what particular problem they share, which they perceive to be pressing, and solvable.  The objects of dialogue are their own, and whatever problem, or problems, they decide to solve is discretionary. However, they must be consistent in their aim to generate maximum independence, discussed below.  Decentralized Economic Social Organization, DESO, content is designed to guide them towards that objective.

B. They agree on what action they can deploy among themselves to solve that problem.

C. They organize their efforts and solve that problem.

Members agree to pool capital accessible to them in order to form their mutual community bank, MCB. An accountant records the donations made by each member.

* *  Members investigate productive enterprises they may purchase, or that they may develop.

a. Proposals are written by members, with their costs itemized, reliable sources identified, overhead  calculated, margin of profit calculated, market sustainability is determined, the needed skills of its personnel are ascertained, and so on.

b. The various plans are dialogued by members until one is chosen as pragmatic to their needs.

c. They use funds from their mutual community bank, MCB, for capitalizing their first Public Productive Enterprise, which employs some of their members.

1a. The profit from the Public Productive Enterprise is used to keep the operation going, to compensate its operators, and to pay back those who donated to the project through their MCB.

2b. Subsequent profits above overhead are deposited in the MCB public account.

The first Public Productive Enterprise may be a simple operation, and ethically aligned with members’ values.

Initially, its primary purpose may be for accessing conventional money for the mutualistic group in order to provide them with leverage.  And, subsequent group investments may serve the same purposes.

Examples of ingenious, appropriate industry – Public Productive Enterprises – are provided by Marcin Jakubowski (1). Pragmatic plans for low cost construction, and production are widely available – each mutualistic group decides how best to initiate its first Cooperative.

Readily available, intensive, food production systems are open to investigation and actualization.

The aim of each group of three to five mutualistic families is independence. It is convenient to begin with such groups, because they are pragmatic, and doable among interested people.

2. Civic Organization

Groups of mutualistic, three to five families are too few in number to generate the type of independence needed for actualizing genuine communities. Genuine community is a structural proposition.

When two or more groups of mutualistic, three to five families begin to coordinate their productive efforts, for their respective benefits, they do so through their Community Coordinating Committee, CCC.

The Community Coordinating Committee, CCC, is composed of members of each respective group of mutualistic, three to five families. Their functions include receiving the propositions for concerted action from the members of each respective group of mutualistic, three to five families. (Each proposal is signed by a number of members to demonstrate that is was dialogued and approved prior to its submission to the CCC.) The civic format is flexible relevant to the needs of each community. However, I suggest that when a set of propositions are received by the CCC that they abbreviate each of them in order that they be drafted onto ballots. The first set of ballots is delivered to the respective groups of mutualistic, three to five families; one ballot for each group.

* * Since each of those groups of families will vote, as the respective groups they are, then, for brevity we can refer to them as Mutual Voting Blocks, or MVB.

The first ballot is discussed, dialogued, by each respective MVB. They decide the relative importance of each proposition on their ballot.  A proposition may be granted a value of seventy percent consensus, or eighty, or ninety. How each MVB reasons the consensus value, or “weight,” of each proposition is up to them.

The ballots return to the CCC. In example, the CCC observes that of all the “consensus weights” a particular proposition received from the MVB, most of them were eighty percent. Thus, that proposition will be allotted an eighty percent consensus weight on the subsequent ballot. The subsequent ballot will list the same propositions that were on the former ballot (the “weigh in ballot”), but each will bear its consensus weight on the “voting ballot”. In that manner, the community determines the relative value of each proposition.

A proposition that the community wants passed, or approved in a hurry, may receive a seventy percent consensus weight. A proposition that will require an important concerted effort by all members may receive a ninety percent consensus weight. An important proposition may receive an eighty percent consensus weight.

When the actual voting ballots are sent by the CCC to each MVB, each MVB discusses and dialogues each proposition until they either approve it, or not.

The CCC receives the ballots from the MVB. If a proposition that had an eighty percent consensus weight was approved by eighty percent, or more of the MVB, it is approved. The same process is applied to all propositions.

In this manner, a community is managed by its members without centralized power, further explained below.

Development of the Mutual Community Bank, MCB

The MVB have consolidated part, or all, of their individual MVB mutual banks into the Mutual Community Bank, MCB. Each contribution by each MVB is accounted for, recorded, and monitored by MCB accountability.  The MCB is a Core Public Productive Enterprise.  It belongs to the community. It is operated by community members that have the skills needed for its accounting functions.

CCC Actions Are Community Authorized

When the CCC is authorized to capitalize a proposition that was community approved it withdraws the required, capital amount from the MCB public accounts to actualize the project in conjunction with the project’s developers. (All procedures not elaborated in this outline are developed among members.)

The community project, most valued by the community is allotted the first capitalization. The order of importance, as agreed on by members, determines which projects are funded by the community, relevant to what the community believes it can afford. These decisions are come about through the community-dialogical-consensus-based-decision-making-processes described above, or variations of them as determined by each community.

The CCC Does Not Have Executive Power

Each community decides, among its members, how its MCB community accounts are used. The CCC functions to capitalize, and to monitor, the public, concerted actions taken by the community members. Decentralized Economic Social Organization, DESO, Civic Organization precludes the centralization of power. Power is shared equally among the MVB, their Civil Organization. 

Civic-Economic Organization

Core Public Productive Enterprises are the primary objective to be realized with capital generated from the Public Productive Enterprises mentioned above in the Civil Organization section. Public Productive Enterprises may be actualized whenever a community needs them, and are included in community Civic-Economic Organization, meaning that their management is regulated through the CCC. But, their primary purpose is to generate the funds needed to actualize community Core Public Productive Enterprises.

3.                                                        Core Public Productive Enterprises

Core Publicproductive enterprises serve two functions.

1. They are the primary providers of the Guaranteed Minimum Standard of Service, GMSS.

2. They are the economic foundation of independence for all community members.

The Guaranteed Minimum Standard of Service, GMSS

* *The GMSS is composed of the essential, minimum components of a modern, healthful life …accessible to all community members.

Community land and property acquisition is among the first challenges that may be addressed by community members, and may be among the first objectives met with the capital generated by community public productive enterprises. Some members may own land that they make accessible to the community through contractual agreements with the CCC. Members locate accessible land and property. Through dialogical, consensus-based, community decision making processes conclusions are agreed on and action is taken by the community to access land and property. Land and property belonging to the community is managed through the CCC.

* * Community members and their families are entitled to private homes, production facilities, and land. Member financing through their MCB is interest free.

A. Food – Community food acquisition may initially take the form of a food purchasing Cooperative in order to reduce the cost of food for members. …Community intensive food production, using the pragmatic techniques currently available for more production with less space (i.e., aquaponic systems, permaculture gardening) is an essential component of independence. Each MVB is active in that type of independence. When the community is large enough, for efficiency, and for lowering the costs of production, MVB food production efforts may be consolidated into community food production centers, with processing and distribution facilities. While at once, each MVB family may privately, produce, process, and store food at their discretion. Community food production centers are self-managed, participatory organizations overseen by the CCC.

B. Textiles – Community textile acquisition may initially take the form of a textile purchasing Cooperative in order to reduce the cost for all members. …modern, MVB cottage industry, private textile production may be pragmatic. When the community is large enough the MVB may consolidate textile production for efficiency, and to lower the cost of production. Community textile production is a self-managed, participatory organization, which is overseen by the CCC.

C.  Construction – Cost effective, aesthetic, modern, construction methods are widely available. The construction company is a community Cooperative. It provides members with private housing, and production facilities at minimum cost to respective members, and MVB. It provides the community with public facilities at cost.  The community construction company is a self-managed, participatory organization, which is overseen by the CCC.

D. Water and Sanitation – The water and sanitation company is a community Cooperative. It installs water wells and sanitation facilities, and associated components, for respective members’ private homes, and production facilities, or for MVB, at minimum cost. It installs water wells and sanitation facilities, and associated components, for community facilities at cost. The community water company is a self-managed, participatory organization, which is overseen by the CCC. (The community water and sanitation company may install renewable energy units, and their components, for pumping water, in cooperation with the community renewable energy company.)

E. Renewable Energy – The renewable energy company is a community Cooperative. Renewable energy is an ongoing technological development. Each community decides which renewable energy systems are most cost effective, and efficient for their particular energy needs. A combination of renewable energy sources may be appropriate. The energy company installs renewable energy facilities at the homes, and production facilities, of respective members, or MVB, at minimum cost.  The energy company installs renewable energy facilities at community facilities at cost. A community may consolidate renewable energy production, making it available to all members’ private homes and production facilities and to all community facilities concurrently. The community renewable energy company is a self-managed, participatory organization, which is overseen by the CCC.

F. Appropriate Community Industry – Marcin Jakubowski’s E-Farm is an example of simple, appropriate industry for community use. Community self-sufficiency includes making the tools and machines needed by community production facilities. A small foundry and its components, and the construction of flexible production machines can be built from scrap material, and inexpensive salvageable material. Jakubowski demonstrated that any designs can be accessed free of charge through Open Source Ecology. Furthermore, philanthropist websites, like Kick starter (2) can provide needed funds for starting intermediary industrial projects.

G. Mutual Community Bank, MCB – The MCB is a community Financial Cooperative. Its public accounts receive conventional money funds from community Public Productive Enterprises, member donations, non-member donations, and from the revenues generated from the sale of surplus production by the Core Public Productive Enterprise, whenever that is community authorized through the CCC.

The MCB conventional money department functions to finance its members freely, and is modeled after the JAK interest free bank of Sweden.


* * The MCB produces community autonomous money, CAM. The value of CAM is both work and commodity based. It is generated by the trade of goods and services that it facilitates among community members, and among members’ inter-community trades.

There are two levels of CAM.

1. Community endorsed money, CEM. CEM are bills with endorsement spaces on the back of each bill. The monetized value is represented on the front.

a. The buyer signs and dates the first endorsement space of the new bill, or writes her personal MCB account number, which all members are issued from birth.

b. The seller, who receives the endorsed bill, has proof of the monetized value of his sale.

c. The seller can use that bill to buy from another seller following the same procedure of filling out the subsequent endorsement space.

d. The bill continues to facilitate the exchange of goods and services until last buyer and the last seller endorse the bill.

CEM facilitate indirect barter, in effect they are barter bills. The CEM itself does not have value, and can not incur interest. The value that they have is the value of the goods and services they have recorded, and stored.

The first purchase with a fresh, unused CEM retains the value of what was purchased so that value can be transferred to the subsequent seller, indirect barter.

The last seller takes the CEM bill to the MCB. The MCB records all the dated transactions on the CEM bill. The MCB provides the last seller with a fresh CEM of equal amount, and the process begins again.

* * The concrete value that was carried from the first purchase through the last sale is retained in that barter bill and is deposited in the MCB’s community CAM reserve account.

CEM is self-validating. Its work value is transferred to MCB’s community CAM reserve account. Indirectly, the use of CEM produces a type of community tax payment that is not felt by the CEM users.

2. Vouchers – A portion of the MCB CAM reserve, generated by the use of CEM, backs the value of Vouchers. Vouchers have an issue date and an expiration date. Vouchers are validated by the CAM reserve. Vouchers do not incur interest. They circulate in the community, and in the inter-community economy. They represent the proportioned value allotted them by the MCB CAM reserve. At the discretion of the community, they may have two endorsement spaces.

If they have two endorsement spaces, the value carried from that trade can be deposited in an MCB CAM reserve.

When the Voucher is expired the holder takes it to the MCB and is given either the equivalent value in CEM or in a new Voucher, or in combination.

Member Savings Instruments

Members can transfer CEM or Vouchers to their MCB personal savings accounts before the CEM they hold is fully used, or before the Voucher they hold, is fully used, or has expired. The accounting relevant to stored value from those bills carried into the MCB CAM reserve is determined by the community.

The Primary Purpose of Free Capitalization

Community members are capitalized freely in order to stimulate the development of members’ private productivity, as well as to draw professional services into the community. For example, a newly graduated dentist may be offered interest free capitalization, in combination with a CAM grant in order to finance her startup costs. The contract is drafted by the CCC. The dentist agrees that a designated portion of her charge to members be in CAM, proportional to its access to the goods and services produced within the community that she can use. The remainder of what she charges members will be in conventional money. She will charge non-members conventional money. The contractual agreement is flexible, and as community and inter-community infrastructure expands the amount of CAM the dentist receives from members for services will increase proportionally, if what she needs can be purchased with CAM.

Member private productivity is essential for community independence. Any member may apply for an interest free loan of conventional money in combination with a CAM grant in order to develop private productive facilities. The type of goods or service produced must be wanted by community members. Private members’ businesses can sell their goods or services to non-members.  Community members pay for the goods or services of other community members in part, or all in CAM, depending on the immediate needs of the seller.

* * The objective is for community members to become increasingly independent from the conventional, central bank.


In Mass Centrist Society, MCS, one’s leverage, one’s executive potential, is proportional to the amount of conventional money one has, regardless of particular walks of life. The means to action in MCS, the means to education, personal growth and fulfillment, and distance from alienation, for those with humane values, is through conventional money. In other words, the system demands everybody’s dependence on its units of exchange.

In MCS there are those who have secured positions of control, and some adults are well developed professionals, or notable specialists, while, by degree, alienation stifles their lives. Yet, there are self-realizational people in MCS who live productively with personal fulfillment…much to the benefit of their families.  Nonetheless, the fact remains that alienation and lack of support stymies the potential of most people who live paycheck to paycheck.

In Mass Centrist Society independence is associated with the terms “self-reliance,” and “rugged-individualism” in the context of its competitive political/socioeconomics. In that context, “independence” is a commodity.

Real independence, real self-reliance, and real rugged-individualism are developed in the context of genuine community, as described here. This is so, because mutualistic community is contingent on – both – a purpose, and a human resource that coalesce in the individuation of each community member.

For that reason, community civil organization, its civic organization, its participatory civic-economic organization, and its monetized organization position the executive function of community equally among all community members.

The Guaranteed Minimum Standard of Service, GMSS, developed in this outline, provides the economic foundation of independence for all community members, and, at once, it reinforces the value of human dignity for all of its members.

H. Community Educational Organization – The purpose of education in the context of mutualistic community is to develop the individuation of each child. Mutualistic, participatory society does not function unless its members are individuated, self-reliant, mature people. Individuated people thrive in mutualistic community. Individuation and mutualism are interdependent components in real, participatory community.

The Philosophy of Education is grounded on three postulates that are interconnected and interdependent.

1. Education Through Art – All art, including crafts, and relevant skills attainment constitute the bridge to science. Art lends itself to enriching group activity through drama, dance, music, et cetera. Art, as the vehicle of education, is community supported.

2. Freedom-Based Education – Each child is given the support that she needs to fully develop her particular predilections.

3. Participatory Education – Each child develops her values in conjunction with other members, and is responsible for her values. Part of education is participation in learners’ group decision making processes; dialogical, consensus-based decision making processes.

This type of methodology opens the way for each child to grow effectively into mature, individuated people who understand the importance of, and the value of, life in real community.

When young members achieve sound self-identification, occurring in the vicinity of ages twelve or fifteen, and at the discretion of each young individual, they can opt to participate within community organization at all levels, civil, civic, and civic-economic in accord with their individual capacities. Participatory education prepares its children for integration. Each Core Public Productive Enterprise includes an office of the community educational organization. Young members are integrated into society, and are compensated for their contributions. This is what is meant by “…the bridge to science.” in postulate one, above. Young members learn with hands on experience what participatory self-management is, and with the ongoing support of the community educational organization they learn the particular skills needed to rise in competence and responsibility. Their genius and their joy are integrated into participatory society.

The concepts forming here are the concepts of post-alienated society. Post-alienated society is not without organization and structure. It is structured to meet the real needs of its members while it is self-managed by its members.  Real community is the natural environment for the evolution of people. By contrast, all systems of control, all centralized powers, stifle the natural evolution, the personal, expansive growth potentials of their members. What occurs in real community is that each member’s growth potentials are encouraged, and their development is supported by the community, because without that community purpose, then, the community that makes individuation possible for all of its members …cannot exist.   As I mentioned above, mutualism and individuation are interconnected and interdependent. Both are needed for human evolution to flourish.

I. Personnel Office The community personnel office is coordinated with the CCC in order to provide monetized support, for payroll and operation costs, as needed, for Core Public Productive enterprises. Core Public Productive enterprises each have their individual accounts with the MCB. The community personnel office is coordinated with the personnel office of each Core Public productive enterprise. It tracks all Core Public Productive enterprise occupations, participation hours of all personnel, and all compensation. It posts openings and job descriptions. The community personnel office is community supported.

J. The Department of Public Safety – The community Department of Public Safety trains its volunteers for one year in first response techniques, and team tactics, for all emergency situations. After leaving the community Department of Public Safety each off duty Officer is able to assist all on duty Officers at a moment’s notice. Off duty officers may re-enter the community Department of Public Safety, at their discretion, in order to learn new techniques and tactics, to learn to operate new equipment, to assist new volunteers, and to serve the community.  The community Department of Public Safety is community supported and is represented at the CCC, which oversees its operations.

K. The Health Department – The community Health Department tracks community food, water, and sanitation facilities. Its certified professionals assist the community in maintaining modern health standards relevant to all community production. The community decides if burials and a community cemetery are to be managed by the community Health Department.

L. The Community Health Clinic – Certified medical personnel operate the Community Health Clinic, which is community supported relevant to its operation costs. However, to offset those costs, its services may be opened to non-community members at reduced, conventional money prices. Profitability is maintained, in part, because Community Health Clinic staffs are entitled to their share of the community GMSS, which reduces their cost of living, and because all appropriate community assistance to the clinic is provided at cost.

M. Right to Privacy – The Right to Privacy is part of the community GMSS. It encompasses each member’s right to private property, and each member’s the right to physical privacy. It includes community protection from prescription imposed by consumer-based economic interests, protection from political party propaganda, and protection from religious proselytizing. The members of real community understand that prescription is among the weapons of domination used by centralized power.

N.  The Community Office of Mediation – The Community Office of Mediation precludes the need for a judge, and precludes the need for any canon of law. The members of real community understand Common Law, which is unwritten.

1. In the event any case is not brought to conclusion, informally, through dialogical agreement among respective MVB, the Community Office of Mediation receives the case from an accuser with ascertainable evidence and witnesses, and receives the accused with her ascertainable evidence and witnesses

2. Mature members of the community mediate until an agreement is reached, which may include restitution due the accuser. A procedural contract is written and signed by the accuser, and the accused, and witnesses. The contract is adhered to by all parties concerned.

All such contracts are filed with the Community Office of Mediation. They form the body of reasoned conclusions open for reference by the community.

3. In the event of breach of contract, of any case, including breached contracts between community members and the CCC, which were not solved informally, the case is brought before the Community Office of Mediation in conjunction with the involvement of a number of impartial MVB, drawn by lots, or decided by turns, who dialogue the case, write propositions, and through dialogical, consensus-based community decision making processes reach a conclusion. The final word is from the community.

* *  Community psychology is not vengeful. Community psychology is far removed from what are, too often, petty concerns entertained by alienated people living in mass centrist society. Community, as described here, brings people together, rather than drive them apart. Community members share in common community components that are vital to their mutual well being. They are productive people who have good reason care for each other.

Community Structure

All Core Public Productive Enterprises, Public Productive Enterprises, and all MVB are integrated into the community’s civic organization through their CCC.

The community-components of the GMSS are both, sustainable, permanent, and economically stabilizing. Community dialogical, consensuses-based decision making processes navigates emerging reality with the community-components of the GMSS, and members’ genius.

The structure, described here, is distinct. It produces the unique, peculiar adaptations of its members within its own context. The type of culture alluded to here is something we can barley imagine, while we postulate that a humane society can be a structurally determined effect.

Decentralized Economic Social Organization, DESO, is a modern society capable of navigating through emerging reality with genuine self-actualization. Its members operate a vehicle designed to generate that.


The single community, as described here, is designed to create, to birth an “offspring” community.  The community dialogical consensuses-based decision making processes are suitable for small communities. The population would be proportional to the amount of technology the community possess to maximize sufficient production with less people’s attention. The goal is not production for wider markets …for more conventional money. The goal is production for community use, and members’ enjoyment of their unfettered self-development provided in community.

The civic structure is designed for, perhaps, as many as fifteen hundred members among MVB, or as few members among MVB as technology permits. Each MVB will have to divide at thirteen dialoging members, one of six and one of seven. None need to leave their homes. But, eventually, each group of ballot deciders becomes an independent MVB in their own right. These are flexible propositions managed by members.

MVB are composed of people who work-with-each-other-for-each-other in order to build permanent community.  Each community needs further communities to expand infrastructure, and to further enrich the lives of passionate, purposeful people who can prove their values openly for what they are.

Thus, with forethought, the members of each community, large or small, plan how best to invest capital to fund the first public productive enterprise of their “daughter” community. They help “her” with transferred funds, to get her MCB started. Her new members are young families from the “mother” community. They want to make their own homes. Their production widens the infrastructures where CAM is useful.

When art is the binding element, rather than profit, which causes divisiveness, prosperity in life is the enjoyment of conviviality, something we can barely imagine. A life of one’s potential being actualized is only so while others are included and people are allowed to work-with-each-other-for- each-other. Education is through art, and children work with each other, and as solitary creators, at their discretion.  Mentors work on skills and content with their learners, while their learners organize their short and long term projects.

Around ages twelve through fifteen, each learner’s ego functions well enough to enter community civil organization. Then, young people can dialogue in their MVB, and contribute to CCC elections.  And, too, they can approach any Core Public Productive Enterprise for admission. They enroll as neophytes, and begin hands on education in Civic life, much of it math and science. They are supported in all skills and content attainment, and they earn compensation for their contributions.

All members may initiate their private, constructive and productive projects. Civic life is time flexible for members – organized, but agreed on. The GMSS is the built in time saver. While the Core Public productive enterprises are functioning well, everybody’s peace of mind is intact with time enough for self-development with community support. The individuation of each member is the purpose of mutualistic community. The words freedom and liberty come to mind.

What is Freedom?

Efficient, purposeful mentorship enables all children to efficiently explorer all facets of their culture. MVB are semi-self-sufficient, especially when enough of them coordinate to save themselves time, and expense. In that world, the educational organization of each community, large or small, is woven into its fabric.  The children play amid enthusiastic, productive people who welcome the opportunity to take time, within their capacities, to mentor learners …And, at once, there is the actual learning center, designed to provide flexible facilities for community use. Children’s interests grow with their knowledge. From convivial dance and song, playing musical instruments, fairy tales and viewing spectrums of art and nature, each child gravitates to her personal interests. The community affords its children what they need to master the vehicles of their passions – arts and sciences. Everyone in her society benefits from her development, which welcomes her into all of its spheres.

What is liberty?

Values are the choices people make in regard to how they want to live. In mass centrist society the immediate values that enter the foreground are those oriented to prescription and domination; wrong values. Despite that, the innate affinity that people have for each other, which originates in our psychophysical faculty of empathy, always emerges in familial love, and whenever people do well by each other.  Values that bring us together in mutual benefit, or that enhance humane self-development, we may regard as sane values. Sane values are diverse. In genuine, dialogical consensus-based community each member is viewed as a values maker. For example, a person’s choice of life with growth may include her love for dance, or engineering, any combinations of mastery, whatever she chooses as the vehicles of her passion; her values. Each individual is responsible for her values, which she tests openly in community. In real community, people choose the ways they want to live among each other. They choose their values with community support.

Community Enables Human Growth

If planned and executed correctly, local production for local use is a permanent benefit. Real community assures members more than the human dignity of its guaranteed minimum standard of service, GMSS, and humane prosperity. It enables each member the opportunity to be educated through art, not as a class, per se, but as the vehicle of participatory education.

Its philosophy of education is at the heart of Decentralized Economic Social Organization, DESO, community. Every child is exposed to all arts, and through art to science. Each child is supported by the community to attain the skills needed to pursue her predilections. The interrelations among children, educated through aesthetics, do not need external “moral” impositions, since aesthetics becomes the objective reference point that guides their interpersonal relations among their discoveries and their productive endeavors. (3) The result is truly independent, individuated people that are integrated into society, at each person’s discretion, between ages twelve or fifteen, when their ego development is sufficient to participate in civic dialogue.

DESO education provides young adults with gainful functions in its Core Public Productive Enterprises; each contains an office of education. … Individuated, knowledgeable, mature adults are what community needs for dialogical self-management.

The primary benefit from life in DESO is living in mental health; survival with growth, maximum community with maximum individuation. The purpose of civic-economic mutualism is the individuation of each member. Humane empowerment from WITHIN overrides, precludes, power over others; thus, war is eliminated.

A humane culture is composed of networks of independent, sovereign, permanent communities. They can choose to cooperate for inter-community projects, but centralized power doesn’t exist.

People who would like to actualize independence in their lives can actualize real community. Community means independence!




3. Concepts from: Sir Herbert Read’s work, The Redemption of the Robot, My Encounter with Education Through Art, Copyright 1966 by Simon & Schuster, Inc….New York, N.Y ….1969


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  1. vera permalink

    Reed, OMG, I think I knew your father(?) Mark. This is so cool. Please write.

  2. Dear Don, Have not got word from you in while. You be well. Yours, Reed

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